Wrinkles, which are a natural part of aging, are more common in areas of the skin such as the face, neck, arms and forearms that are exposed to the sun.
Although the structure and texture of the skin is largely determined by genetics, exposure to sunlight, especially in light-skinned people, is a major cause of wrinkles. Other factors, such as air pollutants and cigarettes, also contribute to the appearance of wrinkles.
Prevention of skin wrinkles
Protect your skin from the sun.
Protect your skin and prevent further wrinkles by limiting the amount of time spent in the sun, and always wear protective clothing such as wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts, and sunglasses. Also, people should not forget to use sunscreen outdoors, even in winter.
Use products that contain sunscreen.
When choosing a skin care product, make sure the ones you are considering are sunscreen, which means that both UVA and UVB rays are blocked.
Use a moisturizer.
Dry skin dries out skin cells, which can lead to premature wrinkles. Although the moisturizer is not able to eliminate wrinkles, it can temporarily cover the grooves and cavities created in the skin.
Do not smoke
Even if someone has been smoking for years or is a heavy smoker, quitting smoking can still help improve the condition and texture of the skin and prevent further wrinkles.
Treatment of skin wrinkles
Retinoids (such as tritinoin (Renova, retin A) and tazarotene (Avij, Tazarok)) are derivatives of vitamin A that can be used on the skin to reduce wrinkles, blemishes and rough skin.
The effectiveness of anti-wrinkle creams depends on the active ingredient of these creams. Retinol, antioxidants and some fats can cause a slight to mild improvement in the amount of wrinkles.
Laser treatments, light source and radiofrequency
In wrinkles, a laser beam removes the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) and warms the underlying layer (dermis), which stimulates the growth of new collagen fibers. As the wounds heal, the skin forms smoother and firmer.
Complete healing in this operation may take several months. Risks of this operation include scarring and lightening or darkening of the skin. The most important skin laser devices for facial rejuvenation are fractional laser and endolift.
Botulinum toxin type A or Botox
When Botox is injected in small amounts into specific muscles, it prevents muscle contraction. When it is not possible for the muscles to tighten, the skin surface will look smoother and less wrinkled.